Indeed, from the beginning of civilization, timber has been deeply embedded in human life. From the source of the fire to building shelters, the use of timber was essential. After a huge modernization, wood remains an essential part of human life. Deforesting is a big threat for nature, so fastest growing timber trees may great solution for mankind.
Moreover, considering the overall situation, the use of wood has increased greatly but the demand for wood is still largely dependent on natural sources. Also, commercially the demand for timber is growing rapidly. So, this article is about the fastest growing timber trees in the world, which can ensure our wood supply.
Most importantly, wood is a natural resource, whose production depends entirely on nature. Nature has filled a large part of the surface with trees to maintain its balance, which known as forests. But due to urbanization and industrialization, natural forests are regularly being eroded. Also, the tendency of cutting trees increased due to the varied use of wood. So, this is a concern for everyone.
Therefore, ensuring the production of wood is very important to maintain natural balance and supply human wood demand. That’s why the fast growing timber trees are so important to everyone.
Finally, here we will be familiar with some of the fastest growing trees in the world, whose cultivation can help us to meet our timber needs. Also, different types of wood and their uses.
fastest growing timber trees for wood process
What are the fastest growing trees in the world? It’s a common question to all strangers. Actually fast growing trees means those plants that grow fast naturally and mature in a relatively short time. Here we shortly describe the few fastest growing hardwood trees in the world.
Scientific Name: Araucaria Cunninghamii
Araucaria cunninghamii is a species of Araucaria and known as Hoop Pine or Moreton Bay Pine. Some other less commonly used names of this species include Colonial Pine, Richmond River Pine, Queensland Pine, etc.
This species is mainly found in the coastal rainforests of eastern Australia and New Guinea. It’s also widely grown on plantations. It’s a great source of timber and widely used for furniture, plywood, and pulpwood. The trees can live up to 450 years and grow to a height of 100 to 200 ft. and trunk diameter 10 to 20 ft. The hardwood color is light brown and average growth rate 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Wood Grain/Texture: Hoop pine grain is usually straight to dovetailed, with a fine to moderate unbroken texture. It looks natural and modest luster.
Workability: The mature wood texture is clear and easy to work with hand and Power tools. Hoop pine timber mostly smooth and workable for any structure.
Common Usages: Furniture, Plywood, Pulpwood, and small specialty wood items.
Port Orford Cedar
Scientific Name: Chamaecyparis Lawsoniana
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana is a species of Lawsoniana and known as Port Orford Cedar or Lawson cypress. Also, frequently used names of this species like also known as white or Oregon-cedar, ginger-pine, etc.
There are five species of Chamaecyparis and only Port Orford Cedar found in the Pacific Northwest, California, United States. The rest four species found in eastern Asia. Port Orford Cedar is widely known and familiar for its horticultural uses and the quality of its lumber.
These trees may live up to 300 years and grow to a height of 150 to 220 ft. and trunk width 4 to 8 ft. The mature wood color is light yellowish brown and generally growth rate 10 to 20 Inches per Year.
Wood Grain/Texture: The Port Orford Cedar grain is straight as an arrow, with a uniform medium to a good texture.
Workability: Comfortable to work with hand and power tools. Also, it holds paint well and stains, glues, and varnishes well.
Common Usages: Arrow shafts, musical instruments, boat building, boxes and chests, decking, and various interior applications.
Scientific Name: Liriodendron Tulipifera
Poplars are the fastest growing tree, which is a family of Salicaceae. Black Poplars are also known as Tulip Poplar, Yellow Poplar and native to the Eastern United States. Besides, this species found through Eurasia and northern Africa.
Significantly, It’s a rapid-growing but relatively short-lived tree. Poplars trees common height has seen 130-160 ft. with trunk diameter 6-8 ft. Also, Poplars grow at a fast rate and the height increases of more than 24 inches per year. This tree tends to grow likely oval shape.
Generally, Black poplars’ wood color seen light cream to yellowish when mature. Also, sometimes found occasional streaks of gray or green and heartwood is rated as being moderately durable.
Wood Grain/Texture: Poplars wood typically has a straight and even grain with standard texture. It found natural and low luster.
Workability: Poplars timber comparatively soft and easy to work in all regards. The mature wood workable better with sharp hand and Power tools. Its softness, sometimes leave uncertain surface and edges. Also, respond well with glue and paints.
Common Usages: Furniture frame, Plywood, Pulpwood, Pallets, crates, and specialty wood items.
Scientific Name: Populus Tremuloides
Populus Tremuloides is a tall and consider as the fastest growing timber trees. These trees are widely known as quaking Aspen or Trembling aspens. These trees are considered both a shade tree and a decorative tree.
Quaking Aspens are the fastest growing tree and native to Canada and cooler areas of northern United States, Mexico. This tree grows oval and provides stunning yellow fall color.
Quaking Aspens grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24″ per year. This tree grows more than 24″ per year and height found between 60-110 ft. Mostly its trunk size 2-4 ft. and heartwood tends to be light brown and sometimes found pale yellow to nearly white.
Wood Grain/Texture: Aspen’s grain mostly with moderate texture. Also, it found low natural luster.
Workability: Quaking Aspen timber is easy to work with hand and power tools. Sharp tools are necessary for planning to avoid an indistinct surface. For its softness nature reduce nail holding capacity. Aspen lumber responds well with glue and varnishes.
Common Usages: Veneer, Boxes, Frame, Plywood, Pulpwood, and various utility purposes.
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Scientific Name: Juglans Nigra
Black walnut is a species of deciduous tree in the walnut family. Its commercial importance is also high for timber and walnut fruits.
Black walnuts are native to North America. Also, this species grows mostly in riparian zones, from southern Ontario, west to southeast South Dakota, south to Georgia, northern Florida and southwest to central Texas
Black walnut grows in a rounded shape and growth rate medium. Its height increases 12-24 inches yearly and a mature tree height 100-125 ft. Black walnuts average trunk diameter 2-4 ft. and begins to bear nuts in 12–15 years. Its heartwood has seen a lighter pale brown to a chocolate brown streaks.
Wood Grain/Texture: The Black walnut timber grain habitually straight, but can be irregular. Its texture is medium and moderate natural luster.
Workability: Generally, black walnuts wood is easily manageable with hand and power tools. Also, this wood worked fine with glues, paints, and varnishes well.
Common Usages: Furniture, Veneer, Gunstocks, Cabinet, Turned items and other wood objects.
Scientific Name: Quercus Palustris
Pin Oak is a member of the red oak family. It’s an oval-shaped and a fast-growing tree. Quercus Palustris is native to the eastern United States and hardy in zones 4-8. It has been widely planted in landscapes for many years.
Pin oak tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24″ per year and a mature tree height 50-80 ft. with trunk diameter 2-4.5 ft. Pin oak wood seems to light to medium reddish-brown color and sometimes found almost olive color.
Wood Grain/Texture: Quercus Palustris species grain found a medium to large pores and a fairly coarse. This timber is a natural and modest luster.
Workability: Pin oaks timber is easy to work with hand and Power tools. Therefore, easy to glue and take stain and finish well.
Common Usages: Furniture, Interior Trim, Flooring, Veneer, Cabinetry, and other wood items.
Scientific Name: Betula Nigra
River Birch is a member of the Birch family and known as different names like; black birch, water birch, paper birch, gray birch, etc. River birch naturally grows along riverbanks but as a landscape tree, it can be planted almost anywhere in the U.S. This tree mainly native to the Eastern United States.
It is another fastest growing timber tree with height increases of anywhere from 13″ to more than 24″ per year. Most of the mature trees height 60-100 ft. and trunk diameter 2-3.5 ft. River birch heartwood tends to be a light reddish-brown with closely white sapwood.
Wood Grain/Texture: River birch timber grain is usually straight or a few wavies with a fine even texture. It’s wood low natural luster.
Workability: The mature wood normally easy to work with hand and Power tools. River birch wood also turns, glues and finishes sound.
Common Usages: Plywood, Pulpwood, Boxes, crates, interior trim, turned objects and small specialty wood objects.
Scientific Name: Larix decidua
The European larch is a pyramidal shape medium-sized timber tree. It is a species of larch and another identity is common larch. European larch is native to central Europe in the mountains areas. Mainly the native range in the Alps and the Carpathian Mountains as well as the Pyrenees, with disjunction lowland populations in northern Poland and southern Lithuania area.
European larch mature height found between 75 to 150 ft and spread around 40 ft. Generally, its trunk diameter 2 to 4 ft. This tree grows well in the hilly or home area as a moderate growth rate of 12 to 22 inches per year. The mature hardwood color trend to be yellow to reddish-brown.
Wood Grain/Texture: European larch grain commonly straight or spiral. Its texture is medium-fine with the surface feel few greasy.
Workability: The larch lumber effortlessly worked with hand and machine, therefore, it contains natural resins in the wood and sometimes gums up the saw blade. Finally, this wood responds quickly with glues, coats, and finishes easily.
Common Usages: Veneer, Boatbuilding, Construction lumber, utility poles, fence posts, and Interior trim.
Scientific Name: Acacia Melanoxylon
Acacia Melanoxylon is a species of Acacia and widely known as Australian blackwood, Tasmanian blackwood, Acacia blackwood, hickory, Mudgeeraba, etc.
Native to Tasmania and eastern Australia; also familiarized to Africa, South America, and southern Asia
Acacia Melanoxylon is hardwood and these species are available in Native to Tasmania and eastern Australia area. Also, it found and familiarized with Africa, South America, and southern Asia. It’s a useful wood and distribution around the world.
Acacia Melanoxylon’s growth and availability make it popular and a reliable source of timber for all reasons.
The Australian blackwood trees can live more than 50 years and average height up to 100 ft. Usually, this tree trunk diameter 3 to 6 ft. The mature tree becomes hardwood and color can be variable but mostly seen golden or reddish-brown.
Wood Grain/Texture: The Australian blackwood trees texture is commonly straight to interlocked, also sometimes found wavy. Mostly uniform fine to moderate texture.
Workability: The Australian blackwood naturally hard but easily worked with hand and power tools. Also, this wood fits with glues, paints, and varnishes well.
Common Usages: Furniture, Veneer, Gunstocks, Cabinet, Musical Instruments, Framing, and other wood items.
Scientific Name: Fraxinus Nigra
The black ash tree is a species of Fraxinus nigra. Black ash is native to the northern United States and Eastern Canada. Also found in western Newfoundland west to southeastern Manitoba, and south to Illinois and northern Virginia.
Fraxinus nigra species are hardwood and grow a few slow to become wood maturity. Black ash is a medium-sized tree and normally height between 50 to 70 ft. and trunk up to 2 ft. Generally, this tree lives more than 60 yrs. Black ash trees wood color close to brown and trend to become a bit dark.
Wood Grain/Texture: The Black ash wood medium to coarse. It’s texture almost straight and sometimes found a few twisted.
Workability: The black ash lumber easily worked with hand and power tools and curving. Also, this wood responds with glues, paints, and finishes smoothly.
Common Usages: Furniture, Flooring, Millwork, Baseball bat, tools handle, Machinery base, Box and other wood stuff.
Scientific Name: Taxodium Distichum
The bald cypress tree is the classic tree of southern swamps and the grows pyramidal. It is a deciduous conifer in the family Cupressaceae. The Baldcypress is also known as swamp cypress, white-cypress, tidewater red-cypress, gulf-cypress, red-cypress, etc.
These species are native to the southeastern United States. Baldcypress is a hardy and tough, also this tree adapts to a wide range of soil types and weather conditions. Generally, this tree height is seen between 50 to 80 ft. and a spread of around 25′ at maturity. Besides, Its main trunk diameter 3 to 6 ft. This tree grows normally 15 to 25 inches per year. The mature wood color trend to be a light and yellowish-brown.
Wood Grain/Texture: Bald cypress grain is mostly and medium texture coarse. The raw wood surface has an oily impression.
Workability: To avoid tea rout, better to use a sharp cutter and light press. Bald cypress easy act with gluing, nailing and paints. It also ensures the best finishing.
Common Usages: Veneer, Boatbuilding Interior trim, and exterior construction.
It was a great effort for our team to prepare this article. It’s a vast topic for discussion, we just introduce some fastest growing timber trees. I hope after reading this article you will get a few ideas.